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J Orthop Res. 1999 Nov;17(6):850-7.

Integrative cartilage repair: inhibition by beta-aminopropionitrile.

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Department of Bioengineering, Institute for Biomedical Engineering, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla 92093-0412, USA.


The effects of beta-aminopropionitrile, a known inhibitor of lysyl oxidase, on the extractability of newly synthesized collagen and integrative cartilage repair were determined in explant cultures of adult bovine articular cartilage. Dose-escalation studies indicated that treatment of cartilage explants for 6 days with beta-aminopropionitrile caused a dose-dependent inhibition of proteoglycan synthesis ([35S]sulfate incorporation) with a 50% inhibition at 2.2 mM. However, 0.25 mM beta-aminopropionitrile had no detectable effect on proteoglycan synthesis and was thus used for subsequent experiments. Treatment of cartilage with beta-aminopropionitrile for 14 days increased the extractability of newly synthesized collagen with 4 M guanidine-HCl while having little effect on proteoglycan synthesis, proteoglycan deposition, collagen synthesis (formation of [3H]hydroxyproline after labeling with [3H]proline), collagen deposition, or cartilage cellularity (DNA content). In untreated cultures, the percentage of radiolabeled collagen ([3H]hydroxyproline) that was extractable after 1 day of radiolabeling, 6 days of radiolabeling, or 6 days of label and 6 days of chase decreased from 81 to 25 and 9%, respectively. In beta-aminopropionitrile-treated cultures, the extractability was relatively higher (96, 62, and 47%, respectively). Treatment with beta-aminopropionitrile after radiolabeling with [14C]lysine also significantly inhibited the formation of the reducible crosslink [14C]dihydroxylysinonorleucine without affecting the overall deposition in cartilage of [14C]lysine and [14C]hydroxylysine. In functional repair studies, treatment with beta-aminopropionitrile caused an almost complete inhibition of integration between pairs of cartilage explants maintained in apposition for 2 weeks. These results indicate that beta-aminopropionitrile blocks the formation of collagen crosslinks in cartilage explants and suggest that such crosslinks are critical to integrative cartilage repair.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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