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Biomaterials. 2000 Jan;21(2):105-11.

Bioactive glass coatings with hydroxyapatite and Bioglass particles on Ti-based implants. 1. Processing.

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Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.


Silicate-based glasses with thermal expansion coefficients that match those of Ti6A14V were prepared and used to coat Ti6A14V by a simple enameling technique. Bioglass (BG) or hydroxyapatite (HA) particles were embedded on the coatings in order to enhance their bioactivity. HA particles were immersed partially during heating and remained firmly embedded on the coating after cooling. There was no apparent reaction at the glass/HA interface at the temperatures used in this work (800-840 degrees C). In contrast, BG particles softened and some infiltration into the glass coating took place during heat treatment. In this case, particles with sizes over 45 microm were required, otherwise the particles became hollow due to the infiltration and crystallization of the glass surface. The concentration of the particles on the coating was limited to 20% of surface coverage. Concentrations above this value resulted in cracked coatings due to excessive induced stress. Cracks did not propagate along the interfaces when coatings were subjected to Vickers indentation tests, indicating that the particle/glass and glass/metal interfaces exhibited strong bonds. Enameling, producing excellent glass/metal adhesion with well-attached bioactive particles on the surface, is a promising method of forming reliable and lasting implants which can endure substantial chemical and mechanical stresses.

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