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Plant Physiol. 2000 Jan;122(1):181-8.

Stimulation of border cell production in response to increased carbon dioxide levels.

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1
Department of Plant Pathology, 204 Forbes Building, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA.

Abstract

Field soil atmospheres have higher CO(2) and lower O(2) concentrations compared with ambient atmosphere, but little is known about the impact of such conditions on root exudation patterns. We used altered levels of CO(2) and O(2) relative to ambient conditions to examine the influence of the atmosphere on the production of root border cells by pea (Pisum sativum) root tips. During germination, atmospheres with high CO(2) and low O(2) inhibited root development and border cell separation in pea seedlings. Later in development, the same atmospheric composition stimulated border cell separation without significantly influencing root growth. Increased CO(2), not low O(2), was responsible for the observed stimulation of border cell number. High CO(2) apparently can override endogenous signals that regulate the number of border cells released from pea roots into the rhizosphere. The same conditions that stimulated border cell production in pea had no such effect in alfalfa (Medicago sativa).

PMID:
10631261
PMCID:
PMC58856
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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