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Chest. 2000 Jan;117(1):163-8.

Cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and risk of ARDS: a 15-year cohort study in a managed care setting.

Author information

1
Kaiser Permanente Division of Research, Oakland, CA 94611, USA. cgi@dor.kaiser.org

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

To examine the association of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption with hospital presentation of ARDS in a well-defined, multiethnic population.

DESIGN:

Retrospective cohort study.

SETTING:

Health maintenance organization in Northern California.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 121,012 health plan subscribers (54.2% women), aged 25 to 89 years.

OUTCOME MEASURE:

Hospital presentation of ARDS (validated by medical chart review) from baseline in 1979 to 1985 through the end of 1993 (median, 9.9 years).

RESULTS:

There were 56 cases of ARDS (33 in men, 23 in women). The case fatality rate was 39% in both genders. ARDS was independently related to increasing age (rate ratio of 10 years, 1.38; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12 to 1.71), to current smoking of < 20 cigarettes/d (rate ratio vs never cigarette smokers, 2.85; 95% CI, 1. 23 to 6.60), and to current cigarette smoking of > or = 20 cigarettes/d (rate ratio vs never smokers, 4.59; 95% CI, 2.13 to 9.88). No association was observed between alcohol consumption and ARDS.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results of this study suggest a relationship (with evidence of dose-response effect) between cigarette smoking and ARDS. Assuming a causal relationship, approximately 50% of ARDS cases were attributable to cigarette smoking.

PMID:
10631215
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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