Send to

Choose Destination
Chest. 2000 Jan;117(1):103-9.

Imbalances between tumor necrosis factor-alpha and its soluble receptor forms, and interleukin-1beta and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist in BAL fluid of cavitary pulmonary tuberculosis.

Author information

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.



We investigated the possibility that the large pulmonary cavity in tuberculosis (TB) lesions might result from imbalances between tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and soluble TNF-alpha receptor forms (sTNF-RI and sTNF-RII), and interleukin-beta (IL-1beta) and IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) in sites of local inflammation.


BAL was performed in 32 patients with active pulmonary TB, and the recovered BAL fluid (BALF) was examined for concentrations of TNF-alpha and its soluble receptor forms, IL-1beta, and IL-1RA. Patients were classified into two groups: group 1, patients with a large cavity (> or = 4 cm) on chest radiographs (n = 15); and group 2, patients with a small cavity (< 4 cm; n = 3) or no cavity (n = 14) on chest radiographs.


The concentrations of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, and IL-1RA in BALF were significantly higher in group 1 patients than in group 2 patients before standardization. The difference was also statistically significant for TNF-alpha and IL-1beta after standardization with urea. Furthermore, group 1 patients had significantly higher ratios of TNF-alpha to sTNF-RI and sTNF-RII and IL-1beta to IL-1RA compared with group 2 patients.


These findings suggest that the relative abundance of TNF-alpha and IL-1beta associated with imbalances of secretion of soluble TNF-alpha receptor forms and IL-1RA may have caused tissue necrosis leading to cavity formation in patients with active pulmonary TB.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center