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J Med Virol. 2000 Mar;60(3):284-9.

Reactivation of human herpesvirus 6 by infection of human herpesvirus 7.

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Department of Developmental Medicine (Pediatrics) D-5, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita City, Osaka, Japan.


We have attempted to reactivate human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) by infection with HHV-7 using childhood exanthem subitum patients in vitro. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were collected from children who had a history of exanthem subitum(ES) by HHV-6 and were infected by human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7) in vitro. The antigen positive rate to HHV-6 started to increase 7 days after the infection and reached a maximum by Day 15 using an immunofluorescence antibody test. The copy number of HHV-6 DNA also increased in the samples in 10 days after infection in vitro. No antigen or increase in DNA was detected in PBMCs, that were mock-infected or infected with supernatant of stock virus after ultracentrifugation, suggesting that an infection by HHV-7 is necessary to reactivate HHV-6. In the paired sera samples during the acute and the convalescent phases of ES, seven to ten bands, that were specific for HHV-6, were recognized in samples from the acute phase, and at least 5 dominant polypeptides were found more intensively after HHV-7 infection.

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