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Am J Public Health. 2000 Jan;90(1):70-7.

Socioeconomic status and the occurrence of fatal and nonfatal injury in the United States.

Author information

1
Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, Calif. 94304-1825, USA. ccubbin@leland.stanford.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study examined the contribution of socioeconomic status (SES) to the risk of injury mortality and morbidity among working-age adults.

METHODS:

The sample consisted of respondents to the National Health Interview Survey (1987-1994), and separate analyses were conducted for injury deaths to respondents by linking to the National Death Index. Proportional hazards regression models were used to analyze mortality. Logistic regression models were used to analyze morbidity.

RESULTS:

The effects of SES varied substantially by cause of injury mortality and indicator of SES. In the multivariate models, blue-collar workers were at significantly increased odds of nonfatal injury. Education was unrelated to total injury morbidity, although associations were observed after stratification of the outcome by severity and place of occurrence. Black persons were at increased risk for homicide, and Black and Hispanic persons were at decreased risk for suicide and nonfatal injuries, after adjustment for SES.

CONCLUSIONS:

SES is an important determinant of injury, although the effect depends on the indicator of SES and the cause and severity of injury.

PMID:
10630140
PMCID:
PMC1446109
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.90.1.70
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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