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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2000 Jan;105(1 Pt 1):126-33.

Chemokine production by the BEAS-2B human bronchial epithelial cells: differential regulation of eotaxin, IL-8, and RANTES by TH2- and TH1-derived cytokines.

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Department of Pediatrics, Mie National Hospital, Tsu, Japan.



Bronchial epithelial cells produce many types of chemokines and may contribute to lung inflammation by recruiting inflammatory cells. The CC chemokine eotaxin is a potent, eosinophil-specific chemoattractant that has been detected in the bronchial epithelium of patients with asthma.


The aim of this study was to investigate the regulatory mechanisms of chemokine production from bronchial epithelium by inflammatory cytokines, especially T(H)2- and T(H)1-derived cytokines, in bronchial asthma.


BEAS-2B human bronchial epithelial cells were cultured with TNF-alpha, IL-4, IL-13, and IFN-gamma alone or in combination, after which supernatants were assayed for eotaxin, IL-8, and RANTES proteins with ELISA. Reverse transcription-PCR was also performed.


TNF-alpha induced production of eotaxin, IL-8, and RANTES in a concentration-dependent manner. Both IL-4 and IL-13 synergistically enhanced TNF-alpha-induced eotaxin production, whereas IL-8 production induced by TNF-alpha was significantly down-regulated by the T(H)2-derived cytokines. IFN-gamma, a T(H)1 cytokine, counteracted the enhancing effects of IL-4 and IL-13 on eotaxin production. RANTES production by TNF-alpha was not affected by IL-4 and IL-13 but was markedly enhanced by IFN-gamma.


These results suggest that T(H)2 cytokines are involved in preferential recruitment of eosinophils in bronchial asthma by enhancing eotaxin and reducing IL-8 production from bronchial epithelial cells and that T(H)1 cytokines counteract the effects of T(H)2 cytokines by reducing eotaxin production.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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