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Behav Brain Res. 2000 Jan;107(1-2):111-21.

Effects of local infusions of dopaminergic drugs into the medial prefrontal cortex of rats on latent inhibition, prepulse inhibition and amphetamine induced activity.

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Behavioural Biology Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Schwerzenbach, Switzerland.


Impaired ability to 'gate out' sensory and cognitive information is considered to be a central feature of schizophrenia and is manifested, among others, in disrupted prepulse inhibition (PPI) and latent inhibition (LI). The present study investigated in rats the effects of increasing or decreasing dopamine (DA) receptor activation within the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) by local administration of the indirect DA receptor agonist amphetamine (AMPH; 10.0 microg/side) or the DA antagonist cis-flupenthixol (FLU; 12.0 microg/side) on PPI and LI as well as on systemic AMPH-induced activity. The effects of intra-mPFC apomorphine (APO; 10.0 microg/side) on PPI were also tested. AMPH infusions decreased systemic AMPH-induced increase in locomotor activity in the open field, whereas FLU infusion was ineffective. Both infusions had no effect on LI and PPI. However, APO infusions induced a disruption of PPI. These results provide additional evidence that the mPFC is a component of the neural circuitry mediating PPI but plays no role in LI. In addition, they show that the behavioral outcomes produced by DA receptor activation/blockade in the mPFC of the rat cannot be explained by postulating a simple reciprocal relationship between the cortical and subcortical DA systems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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