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Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2000 Jan;126(1):36-9.

Ankyloglossia: incidence and associated feeding difficulties.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford, Palo Alto, Calif 94304, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the incidence of ankyloglossia (tongue-tie) in the well-baby population, and to determine whether patients with ankyloglossia experience breastfeeding difficulties.

DESIGN:

Prospective controlled study.

SETTING:

Tertiary care children's hospital.

PATIENTS:

A total of 1041 neonates in the well-baby nursery were screened for ankyloglossia. Those positively identified were invited to participate in the study. Mothers of newborns with ankyloglossia and mothers of a matched control group of unaffected newborns were contacted by telephone on a monthly basis for 6 months after their children were discharged from the hospital to determine the presence of breastfeeding difficulties.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Incidence of ankyloglossia, percentage of infants successfully breastfed, and incidence of breastfeeding difficulties.

RESULTS:

Fifty newborns were identified with ankyloglossia, for an incidence of 4.8% The male-female ratio was 2.6:1.0. Of the 36 mothers of affected infants who were followed up and who intended to breastfeed, 30 (83%) successfully breastfed their infants for at least 2 months, compared with 33 (92%) of the 36 mothers of infants in the matched control group (P = .29). Breastfeeding difficulties were experienced by 9 (25%) of the mothers of infants with ankyloglossia compared with 1 (3%) of the control mothers (P<.01).

CONCLUSION:

Ankyloglossia, which is a relatively common finding in the newborn population, adversely affects breastfeeding in selected infants.

PMID:
10628708
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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