Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Br J Psychiatry. 1999 Aug;175:147-53.

Compulsory treatment in anorexia nervosa. Short-term benefits and long-term mortality.

Author information

1
Eating Disorders Unit, Maudsley Hospital, London.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Anorexia nervosa is a mental disorder with a high long-term mortality. Patients are ambivalent about treatment and often avoid it. Of necessity, compulsory treatment sometimes must be considered. A report from the Mental Health Act Commission has helped to reduce previous confusion.

AIMS:

To identify the premorbid and clinical features that predisposed to compulsory admissions, the short-term benefits of the treatment and the long-term mortality rates (derived from the National Register).

METHOD:

Eighty-one compulsory patients were compared with 81 voluntary patients.

RESULTS:

Predisposing factors to a compulsory admission were a history of childhood sexual or physical abuse or previous self-harm. Detained patients had more previous admissions. Detained patients gained as much weight during admission as voluntary patients, but took longer. More deaths among compulsory than voluntary patients (10/79 v. 2/78) were found 5.7 years (mean) after admission.

CONCLUSIONS:

Compulsory treatment is effective in the short term. The higher long-term mortality in the detained patients is due to selection factors associated with an intractable illness.

PMID:
10627797
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center