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Brain Res. 2000 Jan 17;853(1):1-4.

Hypoperfusion induces overexpression of beta-amyloid precursor protein mRNA in a focal ischemic rodent model.

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Department of Pharmacodynamics and Center for Neurobiology of Aging, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.


Silent stroke is one of the risk factors of dementia. In the present study, we used a novel focal ischemic animal model to investigate the effects of comparatively small changes of cerebral blood flow (CBF) on the expression of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) mRNA. Focal ischemia was achieved by introducing a 4-0 monofilament to the bifurcation of anterior and middle cerebral arteries. Brain samples were harvested from ischemic core and penumbra of cortices at 1, 4 and 7 days following ischemia. The expression of APP mRNA was assessed by RT-PCR. The CBF was decreased to 50% for 1 day after stroke and recovered to 90% at the fourth day after stroke. The changes of CBF were accompanied by an increase in the expression of APP mRNA. APP mRNA increased to 208% and 152% in the penumbra and core ischemic regions, respectively, on the fourth day after MCAO and remained high through the seventh day of ischemia. This study suggests brain hypoperfusion enhances APP mRNA expression and may contribute to the progression of cognitive impairment after silent stroke.

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