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Immunity. 1999 Dec;11(6):709-19.

Synergistic roles for Pim-1 and c-Myc in STAT3-mediated cell cycle progression and antiapoptosis.

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Division of Molecular Oncology, Biomedical Research Center, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Japan.


The activation of STAT3 by the cytokine receptor gp130 is required for both the G1 to S cell cycle transition and antiapoptosis. We found that Pim-1 and Pim-2 are targets for the gp130-mediated STAT3 signal. Expression of a kinase-defective Pim-1 mutant attenuated gp130-mediated cell proliferation. Constitutive expression of Pim-1 together with c-myc, another STAT3 target, fully compensated for loss of the STAT3-mediated cell cycle progression, antiapoptosis, and bcl-2 expression. We also identified valosine-containing protein (VCP) as a target gene for the Pim-1-mediated signal. Expression of a mutant VCP led cells to undergo apoptosis. These results indicate that Pim-family proteins play crucial roles in gp130-mediated cell proliferation and explain the synergy between Pim and c-Myc proteins in cell proliferation and lymphomagenesis.

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