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J Pineal Res. 2000 Jan;28(1):48-51.

The effect of melatonin on in vitro fertilization and embryo development in mice.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Japan.


To examine the effect of melatonin on in vitro fertilization and embryonic development, mouse embryos after insemination in vitro were cultured in a physiological medium with or without melatonin. Melatonin increased the fertilization rate significantly at a concentration between 10(-6) and 10(-4) M (27.6 vs. 43.9 or 40.4%, P < 0.01). Furthermore, a significant increase in the rate of embryos reaching the four-cell stage (16.0 vs. 26.7%, P < 0.01), the eight-cell stage (12.1 vs. 25.8 or 23.5%, P < 0.01), and blastulation (8.9 vs. 23.5 or 17.5%, P < 0.01) was observed when the embryos were cultured in a medium containing 10(-8) or 10(-6) M melatonin. These results demonstrate that melatonin supports fertilization and early embryo development after in vitro fertilization.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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