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Biochemistry. 2000 Jan 11;39(1):183-93.

Identification of 50S components neighboring 23S rRNA nucleotides A2448 and U2604 within the peptidyl transferase center of Escherichia coli ribosomes.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104-6323, USA.


The 23S rRNA nucleotides 2604-12 and 2448-58 fall within the central loop of domain V, which forms a major part of the peptidyl transferase center of the ribosome. We report the synthesis of radioactive, photolabile 2'-O-methyloligoRNAs, PHONTs 1 and 2, complementary to these nucleotides and their exploitation in identifying 50S ribosomal subunit components neighboring their target sites. Photolysis of the 50S complex with PHONT 1, complementary to nts 2604-12, leads to target site-specific photoincorporation into protein L2 and 23S rRNA nucleotides A886, Alpha1918, A1919, G1922-C1924, U2563, U2586, and C2601. Photolysis of the 50S complex with PHONT 2, complementary to nts 2448-58, leads to target site-specific probe photoincorporation into proteins L2, L3, one or more of proteins L17, L18, L21, and of proteins L9, L15, L16, and 23S rRNA nucleotides C2456 and psi2457. Chemical footprinting studies show that 2'-O-methyloligoRNA binding causes little distortion of the peptidyl transferase center but do provide suggestive evidence for the location of flexible regions within 23S rRNA. The significance of these results for the structure of the peptidyl transferase center is considered.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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