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South Med J. 1999 Dec;92(12):1157-61.

Zinc protoporphyrin and percentage of hypochromic erythrocytes as markers of functional iron deficiency during therapy with erythropoietin in patients with advanced acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

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  • 1Division of Internal Medicine and Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, University of M√ľnster, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We assessed zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP) and the percentage of hypochromic erythrocytes in patients with advanced acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) treated with recombinant erythropoietin (rhEPO).

METHODS:

Patients received 150 IU rhEPO subcutaneously every second day for 10 days, and 150 IU rhEPO plus 62.5 mg of intravenous iron every second day for an additional 10 days.

RESULTS:

Before rhEPO therapy, ZPP was at 64.3 +/- 27.3 micromol/mol heme and the percentage of hypochromic erythrocytes was elevated at 9.7%, indicating mild functional iron deficiency. Ferritin was 1,002 +/- 956 microg/L, with transferrin saturation of 19.1 +/- 9.7%. Under rhEPO alone, ZPP rose to 80.1 +/- 21.6 micromol/mol heme and the percentage of hypochromic red cells rose to 22.9 +/- 4.7%; ferritin fell to 705 +/- 601 microg/L and transferrin saturation fell to 12 +/- 6.3%. When rhEPO was supplemented with iron, ZPP fell to 70.4 +/- 20.5 micromol/mol heme, the percentage of hypochromic red cells fell to 14.7 +/- 3.4%; ferritin was unchanged at 771 +/- 62 microg/L and transferrin saturation rose to 20.5 +/- 5.5%.

CONCLUSIONS:

In contrast to ferritin and transferrin saturation, ZPP and the percentage of hypochromic erythrocytes effectively detect the functional iron deficiency under rhEPO therapy in advanced AIDS.

PMID:
10624905
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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