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Exp Cell Res. 2000 Jan 10;254(1):55-63.

Expression of integrin subunit beta1B in integrin beta1-deficient GD25 cells does not interfere with alphaVbeta3 functions.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, BMC, Uppsala, S-751 23, Sweden.

Abstract

We have expressed the beta1B integrin subunit in beta1-deficient GD25 cells to examine beta1B functions without the interference of endogenous beta1A expression. As previously reported [Retta et al., 1998, Mol. Biol. Cell 9, 715-731], the beta1B integrins did not mediate cell adhesion under normal culture conditions, while the presence of 0.3 mM Mn(2+) allowed beta1B integrins to support adhesion. Mn(2+), as well as the small soluble peptide GRGDS, induced a beta1B conformation, which was recognized by the mAb 9EG7, a marker for active or ligand-bound integrins. beta1B integrins were found to localize to a subset of focal contacts in a ligand-independent manner on fibronectin, but not on vitronectin. However, clustering of beta1B did not induce tyrosine phosphorylation of FAK, p130(Cas), or paxillin, as studied by beta1B-mediated adhesion, to fibronectin in the presence of Mn(2+) or to anti-beta1 antibody in DMEM. Induction of ligand-occupied conformation by the GRGDS peptide during the adhesion to anti-beta1 antibody also failed to trigger FAK phosphorylation. Stimulation of tyrosine phosphorylation on FAK, p130(Cas), and paxillin by adhesion via integrin alphaVbeta3 to fibronectin or vitronectin was not disturbed in GD25-beta1B cells compared to the untransfected GD25 cells, nor were any negative effects of beta1B observed on alphaVbeta3-mediated cell attachment, spreading, and actin organization, or on the cell proliferation rate. These results show that the reported negative effects of beta1B on adhesive events do not apply to alphaVbeta3-dependent interactions and suggest that they may specifically act on beta1 integrins.

PMID:
10623465
DOI:
10.1006/excr.1999.4722
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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