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J Clin Invest. 2000 Jan;105(1):101-11.

Chemotaxis of primitive hematopoietic cells in response to stromal cell-derived factor-1.

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Laboratory of Developmental Hematopoiesis, Cell Biology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York, New York 10021, USA.


Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) provides a potent chemotactic stimulus for CD34(+) hematopoietic cells. We cultured mobilized peripheral blood (PB) and umbilical cord blood (CB) for up to 5 weeks and examined the migratory activity of cobblestone area-forming cells (CAFCs) and long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-ICs) in a transwell assay. In this system, SDF-1 or MS-5 marrow stromal cells placed in the lower chamber induced transmembrane and transendothelial migration by 2- and 5-week-old CAFCs and LTC-ICs in 3 hours. Transmigration was blocked by preincubation of input CD34(+) cells with antibody to CXCR4. Transendothelial migration of CB CAFCs and LTC-ICs was higher than that of PB. We expanded CD34(+) cells from CB in serum-free medium with thrombopoietin, flk-2 ligand, and c-kit ligand, with or without IL-3 and found that CAFCs cultured in the absence of IL-3 had a chemotactic response equivalent to noncultured cells, even after 5 weeks. However, addition of IL-3 to the culture reduced this response by 20-50%. These data indicate that SDF-1 induces chemotaxis of primitive hematopoietic cells signaling through CXCR4 and that the chemoattraction could be downmodulated by culture ex vivo.

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