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Neuroscience. 2000;95(1):89-95.

Neuroprotective effect of lamotrigine and MK-801 on rat brain lesions induced by 3-nitropropionic acid: evaluation by magnetic resonance imaging and in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Republic of China.

Abstract

Magnetic resonance imaging and in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy were used to evaluate the therapeutic effect of lamotrigine and MK-801 on rat brain lesions induced by 3-nitropropionic acid. Systemic administration of 3-nitropropionic acid (15 mg/kg per day) to two-month-old Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 10 for each group) for five consecutive days induced selective striatal and hippocampal lesions and specific behavioral change. Pretreatment with lamotrigine (10 mg/kg or 20 mg/kg per day) or MK-801 (2 mg/kg per day) attenuated the lesions and behavioral change. There were no significant differences in T2 values of the striatum and hippocampus among rats pretreated with MK-801, lamotrigine (20 mg/kg) and sham controls. Significant elevations of succinate/creatine and lactate/creatine ratios and decreases of N-acetylaspartate/creatine and choline/creatine ratios were observed after 3-nitropropionic acid injections (P < 0.001). The changes were nearly prevented after pretreatment with lamotrigine (20 mg/kg). However, the N-acetylaspartate/creatine in rats pretreated with lamotrigine (10 mg/kg) (P < 0.01) and MK-801 (P < 0.05) still showed significant reduction as compared with sham controls. Thus we conclude that both lamotrigine and MK-801 are effective in attenuation of brain lesions induced by 3-nitropropionic acid. A higher dose of lamotrigine provides a better neuroprotective effect than MK-801. With a better therapeutic effect and fewer side effects, lamotrigine is more promising for potential clinical application.

PMID:
10619465
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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