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Mol Cell. 1999 Nov;4(5):771-81.

E2F-1 potentiates cell death by blocking antiapoptotic signaling pathways.

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ABL Basic Research Program, National Cancer Institute-Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Maryland 21702, USA.


The E2F family of transcription factors plays an essential role in promoting cell cycle progression, and one member of the family, E2F-1, is also capable of inducing apoptosis. We show here that E2F-1 can induce apoptosis by a death receptor-dependent mechanism, by downregulating TRAF2 protein levels and inhibiting activation of antiapoptotic signals including NF-kappa B. In this way, E2F-1 expression can lead to the sensitization of cells to apoptosis by a number of agents independently of p53. Deregulation of E2F-1 activity occurs in the majority of human tumors, and the ability of E2F-1 to inhibit antiapoptotic signaling may contribute to the enhanced sensitivity of transformed cells to chemotherapeutic agents.

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