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Med Oncol. 1999 Dec;16(4):279-88.

Stem cell transplantation for metastatic breast cancer: analysis of tumor contamination.

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Bone Marrow and Stem Cell Transplant Program, University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center, Philadelphia 19104, USA.


The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy, engraftment kinetics, effect of bone marrow tumor contamination, and safety of high-dose therapy and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilized peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) support for patients with responding metastatic breast cancer. Forty two patients underwent G-CSF (10 microg/kg) stimulated PBPC harvest. PBPC and bone marrow aspirates were analyzed by histologic and immunocytochemical methods for tumor contamination. Thirty-seven patients received high-dose therapy consisting of cyclophosphamide 6 g/m2, thiotepa 500 mg/m2, and carboplatin 800 mg/m2 (CTCb) given as an infusion over 4 d followed by PBPC reinfusion and G-CSF (5 microg/kg) support. No transplant related deaths or grade 4 toxicity was recorded. CD34+ cells/kg infused was predictive of neutrophil and platelet recovery. With a median follow-up of 38 months, three year survival was 44% with relapse-free survival of 19%. Histological bone marrow involvement, found in 10 patients, was a negative prognostic factor and was associated with a median relapse-free survival of 3.5 months. Tumor contamination of PBPC by immunohistochemical staining was present in 22.5% of patients and found not to be correlated with decreased survival. G-CSF stimulated PBPC collection followed by a single course of high dose chemotherapy and stem cell infusion with G-CSF stimulated marrow recovery leads to rapid, reliable engraftment with low toxicity and promising outcome in women with responding metastatic breast cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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