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J Immunol Methods. 1999 Dec 17;232(1-2):211-29.

Clinical and laboratory work-up of patients with neutrophil shortage or dysfunction.

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  • 1Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.


Neutrophils have a crucial function in the defense against bacteria and fungi. Indeed, during chronic, severe neutropenia and in case of severe neutrophil dysfunctions, the patients may suffer recurrent and sometimes life-threatening infections. This article describes the clinical symptoms, the theory behind the antimicrobial systems of neutrophils, the methods to diagnose the various aberrations, and the possibilities for treating these patients. A few of the most common causes of neutropenia and neutrophil dysfunctions are described in detail, including recent genetic information regarding the cause of these diseases.

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