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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Jan 4;97(1):448-53.

Reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide mediate plasticity of neuronal calcium signaling.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, University of Iowa, Bowen Science Building, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.


Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) are important participants in signal transduction that could provide the cellular basis for activity-dependent regulation of neuronal excitability. In young rat cortical brain slices and undifferentiated PC12 cells, paired application of depolarization/agonist stimulation and oxidation induces long-lasting potentiation of subsequent Ca(2+) signaling that is reversed by hypoxia. This potentiation critically depends on NO production and involves cellular ROS utilization. The ability to develop the Ca(2+) signal potentiation is regulated by the developmental stage of nerve tissue, decreasing markedly in adult rat cortical neurons and differentiated PC12 cells.

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