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Pediatrics. 2000 Jan;105(1):e14.

Skin-to-skin contact is analgesic in healthy newborns.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. lag@bu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine whether skin-to-skin contact between mothers and their newborns will reduce the pain experienced by the infant during heel lance.

DESIGN:

A prospective, randomized, controlled trial.

SETTING:

Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 30 newborn infants were studied.

INTERVENTIONS:

Infants were assigned randomly to either being held by their mothers in whole body, skin-to-skin contact or to no intervention (swaddled in crib) during a standard heel lance procedure.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

The effectiveness of the intervention was determined by comparing crying, grimacing, and heart rate differences between contact and control infants during and after blood collection.

RESULTS:

Crying and grimacing were reduced by 82% and 65%, respectively, from control infant levels during the heel lance procedure. Heart rate also was reduced substantially by contact.

CONCLUSION:

Skin-to-skin contact is a remarkably potent intervention against the pain experienced during heel stick in newborns.

PMID:
10617751
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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