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Bone. 2000 Jan;26(1):21-6.

Frequency of stromal lineage colony forming units in bone marrow of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha-null mice.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, USA.


The bone marrow stroma, consisting of adipocytes, fibroblasts, and osteoblasts, develops from a multipotent mesenchymal progenitor. The recently described nuclear hormone receptors, known as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), regulate transcription of genes involved in adipogenesis. Consistent with this is the observation that PPARalpha-null mice exhibit greater extramedullary adipose stores compared with their wild-type controls. To determine if the status of the PPARalpha protein also influenced bone marrow stromal cell differentiation, this study compared the frequency of colony forming units for bone marrow adipocytes (CFU-A), alkaline phosphatase-positive fibroblasts (CFU-F/ALP+), and osteoblasts (CFU-O) between wild-type and PPARalpha-null mice. The CFU frequencies for all lineages were not significantly different in either gender at age 3 weeks, independent of the PPARalpha background. However, histologic analysis showed that the cross-sectional area of the femur in male PPARalpha null mice was significantly greater than that of PPARalpha-null female mice and of both wild-type genders. This was due to an increased marrow cavity space rather than an increased cortical bone area. In addition, while the percentage area of cortical bone occupied by lacunae was equivalent in the PPARalpha and wild-type males, this value was significantly greater in PPARalpha-null female mice compared with wild-type females. At age 3-6 months, no significant difference was observed in the CFU-A frequencies, based on either PPARalpha status or gender. The wild-type male CFU-F/ALP+ frequency was significantly greater than the CFU-F/ALP+ in all other groups. Although the PPARalpha status had no influence on the CFU-O frequency, the number of CFU-O was greater in male than in female mice. Sequential incubation of stromal cells in either adipogenic- or osteoblastic-inducing media did not alter the number of CFU-A or CFU-O. These results indicate that the PPARalpha-null genotype does not influence bone marrow stromal cell numbers.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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