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Eur J Cancer. 1999 Aug;35(8):1214-9.

Bcl-2 as a predictor of chemosensitivity and prognosis in primary epithelial ovarian cancer.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Defense Medical College, Saitama, Japan.

Abstract

This retrospective study of ovarian cancer aimed to elucidate whether expression of apoptosis-related proteins, bcl-2, p53 or MDM-2, is associated with resistance to chemotherapy, especially cisplatin (CDDP) based chemotherapy. Expression of bcl-2, p53 and MDM-2 was assessed by immunohistochemical staining of tumour tissues collected at initial surgery prior to treatment with CDDP-based chemotherapy. Among 66 patients with advanced ovarian cancer with measurable tumour following surgery and evaluable for response to chemotherapy, 42, 45 and 56% were positive for bcl-2, p53 and MDM-2, respectively. Significantly fewer tumours of patients who had a complete response to chemotherapy (CR) showed positivity for bcl-2 (2/20) than for p53 (6/20) and MDM-2 (8/20, P < 0.001). There was an inverse correlation between bcl-2 staining and initial response to chemotherapy, especially in serous and endometrial adenocarcinomas. In patients with stage III-IV, serous or endometrioid adenocarcinomas, significantly poorer survival was seen for those with bcl-2 positive tumours than those with negative bcl-2 staining (P = 0.0064). p53 and MDM-2 were not correlated with initial response to chemotherapy. Multivariate analysis revealed that bcl-2, residual tumour size and histology were significant independent prognostic factors. These results suggest that bcl-2 can be a possible predictor of response to chemotherapy and prognosis in patients with advanced ovarian carcinoma.

PMID:
10615232
DOI:
10.1016/s0959-8049(99)00124-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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