Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Cancer. 1999 Aug;35(8):1214-9.

Bcl-2 as a predictor of chemosensitivity and prognosis in primary epithelial ovarian cancer.

Author information

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Defense Medical College, Saitama, Japan.


This retrospective study of ovarian cancer aimed to elucidate whether expression of apoptosis-related proteins, bcl-2, p53 or MDM-2, is associated with resistance to chemotherapy, especially cisplatin (CDDP) based chemotherapy. Expression of bcl-2, p53 and MDM-2 was assessed by immunohistochemical staining of tumour tissues collected at initial surgery prior to treatment with CDDP-based chemotherapy. Among 66 patients with advanced ovarian cancer with measurable tumour following surgery and evaluable for response to chemotherapy, 42, 45 and 56% were positive for bcl-2, p53 and MDM-2, respectively. Significantly fewer tumours of patients who had a complete response to chemotherapy (CR) showed positivity for bcl-2 (2/20) than for p53 (6/20) and MDM-2 (8/20, P < 0.001). There was an inverse correlation between bcl-2 staining and initial response to chemotherapy, especially in serous and endometrial adenocarcinomas. In patients with stage III-IV, serous or endometrioid adenocarcinomas, significantly poorer survival was seen for those with bcl-2 positive tumours than those with negative bcl-2 staining (P = 0.0064). p53 and MDM-2 were not correlated with initial response to chemotherapy. Multivariate analysis revealed that bcl-2, residual tumour size and histology were significant independent prognostic factors. These results suggest that bcl-2 can be a possible predictor of response to chemotherapy and prognosis in patients with advanced ovarian carcinoma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center