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Biol Chem. 1999 Nov;380(11):1315-20.

Complete amino acid sequence determination of the major allergen of peach (Prunus persica) Pru p 1.

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Allergy Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Ospedale Maggiore IRCCS, Milan, Italy.


The major protein allergen of peach (Prunus persica), Pru p 1, has recently been identified as a lipid transfer protein (LTP). The complete primary structure of Pru p 1, obtained by direct amino acid sequence and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analyses with the purified protein, is described here. The protein consists of 91 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 9178 Da. The amino acid sequence contains eight strictly conserved cysteines, as do all known LTPs, but secondary structure predictions failed to classify the peach 9 kDa protein as an 'all-alpha type', due to the high frequency of amino acids (nine prolines) disrupting alpha helices. Although the sequence similarity with maize LTP is only 63%, out of the 25 amino acids forming the inner surface of the tunnel-like hydrophobic cavity in maize ns-LTP 16 are identical and 7 similar in the peach homolog, supporting the hypothesis of a similar function.

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