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Ann Emerg Med. 2000 Jan;35(1):47-62.

Emergency department management of blood and body fluid exposures.

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Department of Emergency Medicine and Division of Infectious Diseases, UCLA School of Medicine, USA.


Exposure to blood and body fluids that may be contaminated with infectious agents is a common occupational hazard for health care workers. Health care workers in the emergency department or out-of-hospital setting are at especially high risk for exposure to blood or body fluids. Nonemergency health care workers are frequently referred to hospital EDs for immediate treatment of occupation exposures. A series of recommendations by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention evolved over the past decade, and changes are expected to continue. This state-of the-art article reviews current recommendations for management of persons exposed to blood or body fluids and discusses the scientific basis for recommendations regarding hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and HIV.

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