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Leuk Res. 1999 Dec;23(12):1105-12.

Antiproliferative effect of a vitamin D3 analog, EB1089, on HL-60 cells by the induction of TGF-beta receptor.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.


EB1089 is a novel 1,25(OH)2D3 analog that has more potent antitumor properties with reduced hypercalcemic effects than 1,25(OH)2D3. We investigated the role of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) in the growth inhibition of human acute myeloid leukemia cell line, HL-60, by EB1089. Clonal growth of HL-60 cells was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by EB1089. Although TGF-beta1 alone slightly inhibited proliferation of HL-60 cells, the addition of TGF-beta1 into culture treated with 10(-8) M of EB1089 showed a significant synergistic antiproliferative effect in a dose-dependent manner. EB1089 up-regulated the expression of TGF-beta receptor type I (TGF-beta RI), type II (TGF-beta RII) and TGF-beta1. Antiproliferative effect of EB1089 was partially reversed by TGF-beta1 neutralizing antibody (anti-TGF-beta1). Vitamin D receptor (VDR) expression was increased by TGF-beta1, suggesting synergistic action of TGF-beta1 and EB1089. Combined treatment of EB1089 and TGF-beta1 resulted in an increased expression of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKI), p27 protein, compared to either ligand alone. Up-regulation of p27 protein expression by either TGF-beta1 or EB1089 was reduced by anti-TGF-beta1. These findings suggest that TGF-beta1 is involved in the antiproliferative effect of EB1089 on HL-60 cells.

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