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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2000 Jan 1;182(1):171-6.

A new subtype of the metalloprotease toxin gene and the incidence of the three bft subtypes among Bacteroides fragilis isolates in Japan.

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Institute of Anaerobic Bacteriology, Gifu University School of Medicine, 40 Tsukasa-machi, Gifu, Japan.


The bft gene encoding Bacteroides fragilis toxin (BFT) has been devided into two subtypes, bft-1 and bft-2. We found a novel subtype by sequencing a segment of the bft gene from 64 enterotoxigenic B. fragilis (ETBF) strains isolated in Japan. The 1548-bp nucleotide sequences of the new bft, the bft-1, and bft-2 genes were determined for five, four, and four ETBF strains, respectively; the nucleotide sequence was identical among each bft subtype and the degree of identity between each subtype was between 89 and 94%. Most of the variations between the three subtypes were detected in the region encoding mature toxin. A multiplex PCR was developed with a four-primer mix to subtype the bft sequences. The subtyping of 143 ETBF isolates from extraintestinal and stool specimens of humans and cows showed that the bft-1 was the most prevalent subtype, followed by bft-2 and a new bft subtype. No other subtype was found among the strains tested.

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