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Glycoconj J. 1999 Feb;16(2):171-80.

The acceptor specificity of UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases.

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Pharmacia & Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI 49007, USA.


The in vitro and in vivo specificity of the family of peptide:N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases (GalNAcT) is analyzed on the basis of the reactivity and/or inhibitory activity of peptides and protein segments. The transferases appear to be multi-substrate enzymes with extended active sites containing a least nine subsites that interact cooperatively with a linear segment of at least nine amino acid residues on the acceptor polypeptide. Functional acceptor sites are located on the surface of the protein and extended conformations (beta-strand conformation) are preferred. The acceptor specificity of GalNAc-T can be predicted from the primary structure of the acceptor peptide with an accuracy of 70 to 80%. The same GalNAc-T enzymes catalyze the glycosylation of both serine and threonine residues. The higher in vitro catalytic efficiency toward threonine versus serine is the result of enhanced binding as well as increased reaction velocity, both effects being the result of steric interactions between the active site of the enzyme and the methyl group of threonine. Results from substrate binding studies suggest that GalNAc-T catalyzed transfer proceeds via an ordered sequential mechanism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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