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Cell. 1999 Dec 10;99(6):635-47.

Proteins of the CNR family are multiple receptors for Reelin.

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Laboratory of Neurobiology and Behavioral Genetics, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Myodaiji, Okazaki, Japan.


Layering and positioning of neurons require Reelin- and Src family-associated mammalian Disabled (mDab1). Cadherin-related neuronal receptor (CNR) genes are expressed in neurons of the cortical layer, but not in Cajal-Retzius cells expressing Reelin. This leads us to hypothesize that CNRs bound to Fyn of the Src family are receptors for Reelin. Herein we confirm the association and colocalization of CNR proteins with Reelin. This binding is blocked by CR-50 antibody against Reelin, as well as by monoclonal antibodies produced against CNRs. Both disturb the signaling pathway from Reelin to mDab1 and the positioning of cortical neurons in vitro. These results strongly suggest that the CNR family proteins are multiple Reelin receptors. In addition, differential conservation of the Reelin-binding domain among terrestrial vertebrates may be pertinent to the diversity or complexity of brains.

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