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Avian Dis. 1999 Oct-Dec;43(4):664-9.

Field observations with Salmonella enteritidis bacterins.

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Laboratory of Avian Medicine and Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Kennett Square 19348, USA.


A study involving 11 commercial layer flocks was conducted to determine the efficacy of Salmonella enteritidis bacterins (autogenous or federally licensed). The criterion for evaluation of vaccine efficacy was the presence or absence of S. enteritidis in the environment, the organs of the bird (including ovary and oviduct), and eggs. Environmental, rodent, and organ specimens from dead birds as well as eggs were cultured throughout the life of the flock. All layers were obtained from pullet sources that were negative for S. enteritidis, as determined by organ and environmental cultures. Despite the use of S. enteritidis vaccination, 63.6% of the houses had S. enteritidis-positive environmental cultures and 100% of the flocks had S. enteritidis organ-culture-positive birds. The range of positive cultures for S. enteritidis in the environment in vaccinated flocks was between 0 and 45.5%. Birds in vaccinated flocks were organ-culture positive for S. enteritidis between 10% and 40% of the time. The unvaccinated portion of flocks in the same house and the unvaccinated flock in a complex had similar results compared with the vaccinated portion of the flocks.

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