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Brain Res Brain Res Rev. 1999 Dec;31(1):65-82.

Central adenosine A(2A) receptors: an overview.

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Pharma Division, Preclinical CNS Research, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, PRPN, 72/141, CH-4070, Basel, Switzerland.


Recent advances in molecular biology, biochemistry, cell biology and behavioral pharmacology together with the development of more selective ligands to the various adenosine receptors have increased our understanding of the functioning of central adenosine A(2A) receptors. The A(2A) receptor is one of four adenosine receptors found in the brain. Its expression is highest in striatum, nucleus accumbens and olfactory tubercles, although it also occurs in neurons and microglia in most other brain regions. The receptor has seven transmembrane domains and couples via Gs to adenyl cyclase stimulation. Antagonistic interactions between A(2A) receptors and dopamine D(2) receptors have been described, as stimulation of the A(2A) receptor leads to a reduction in the affinity of D(2) receptors for D(2) receptor agonists. The A(2A) receptor is thought to play a role in a number of physiological responses and pathological conditions. Indeed, A(2A) receptor antagonists may be useful for the treatment of acute and chronic neurodegenerative disorders such as cerebral ischemia or Parkinson's disease. A(2A) receptor agonists may treat certain types of seizures or sleep disorders. This review discusses the characteristics, distribution, pharmacochemical properties and regulation of central A(2A) receptors, as well as A(2A) receptor-mediated behavioural responses and their potential role in various neuropsychiatric disorders.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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