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FEBS Lett. 1999 Dec 24;464(1-2):71-4.

Substitution of amino acid residue in influenza A virus hemagglutinin affects recognition of sialyl-oligosaccharides containing N-glycolylneuraminic acid.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Shizuoka, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shizuoka, Japan.


Sialic acids are essential components of cell surface receptors used by influenza viruses. To determine the molecular mechanisms of viral recognition of two major species of sialic acids, N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) and N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc), we tested the binding reactivity of nine human H3 influenza A viruses to sialylglycolipids containing type II sugar chain and different molecular species of terminal sialic acids. All human H3 viruses tested except A/Memphis/1/71 bound both Neu5Ac and Neu5Gc. Nucleotide sequence analysis suggests that amino acids at 143, 155, and 158 are linked to the viral recognition of Neu5Gc.

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