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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Dec 21;96(26):15143-8.

Plasminogen deficiency leads to impaired remodeling after a toxic injury to the liver.

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Children's Hospital Research Foundation, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA.


Cellular proliferation and tissue remodeling are central to the regenerative response after a toxic injury to the liver. To explore the role of plasminogen in hepatic tissue remodeling and regeneration, we used carbon tetrachloride to induce an acute liver injury in plasminogen-deficient (Plg(o)) mice and nontransgenic littermates (Plg(+)). On day 2 after CCl(4), livers of Plg(+) and Plg(o) mice had a similar diseased pale/lacy appearance, followed by restoration of normal appearance in Plg(+) livers by day 7. In contrast, Plg(o) livers remained diseased for as long as 2.5 months, with a diffuse pale/lacy appearance and persistent damage to centrilobular hepatocytes. The persistent centrilobular lesions were not a consequence of impaired proliferative response in Plg(o) mice. Notably, fibrin deposition was a prominent feature in diseased centrilobular areas in Plg(o) livers for at least 30 days after injury. Nonetheless, the genetically superimposed loss of the Aalpha fibrinogen chain (Plg(o)/Fib(o) mice) did not correct the abnormal phenotype. These data show that plasminogen deficiency impedes the clearance of necrotic tissue from a diseased hepatic microenvironment and the subsequent reconstitution of normal liver architecture in a fashion that is unrelated to circulating fibrinogen.

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