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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1975 Dec;72(12):4854-8.

NH---S hydrogen bonds in Peptococcus aerogenes ferredoxin, Clostridium pasteurianum rubredoxin, and Chromatium high potential iron protein.

Abstract

Results from refinement of the crystal structures of P. aerogenes ferredoxin and C. pasteurianum rubredoxin determined by x-ray diffraction show that there are 15-18 NH---S bonds in the former and six in the latter with lengths in the range 3.1-3.9 A. Earlier tritium exchange experiments are consistent with the presence of these hydrogen bonds in the ferredoxin structure and show that more peptide hydrogen atoms are available for exchange in apoferredoxin than in intact ferredoxin. Four types of NH---S bonds are observed and two of these are geometrically similar to the two types of 3(10) NH---O bonds. The existence of more NH---S bonds in ferredoxin than in high potential iron protein suggests why the -2 form of the Fe4S4 cluster is preferred in ferredoxin over the -1 form found in high potential iron protein. From comparison of Cys-X-Y-Cys sequences in rubredoxin, ferredoxin, and high potential iron protein we suggest that two Cys-X-Y-Cys-Z sequences, where Z may have conformation angles similar to glycine, are required to make a one-iron cluster, no more than one Cys-X-Y-Cys-Z-Gly sequence is required to form a Fe2S2 ferredoxin, and a Cys-X-Y-Cys-Gly sequence where Y has a conformation such that the cysteines bond to different iron atoms is necessary to form the tetrameric cluster.

PMID:
1061073
PMCID:
PMC388830
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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