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Genomics. 1999 Dec 1;62(2):208-15.

A physical map of the 20q12-q13.1 region associated with type 2 diabetes.

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Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA.


Several recent genetic studies have suggested linkage of Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus) susceptibility to a region of chromosome 20q12-q13.1. To facilitate the identification and cloning of a diabetes susceptibility gene(s) in this region, we have constructed correlated radiation hybrid and YAC/BAC contig physical maps of the region. A high-resolution radiation hybrid map encompassing 9.5 Mb between the PLC and the CEBPB genes was constructed using 68 markers: 25 polymorphic markers, 15 known genes, 21 ESTs, and 7 random genomic sequences. The physical order of the polymorphic markers within this radiation hybrid map is consistent with published genetic maps. A YAC/BAC contig that gives continuous coverage between PLC and CEBPB was also constructed. This contig was constructed from 24 YACs, 34 BACs, and 1 P1 phage clone onto which 71 markers were mapped: 23 polymorphic markers, 12 genes, 24 ESTs, and 12 random genomic sequences. The radiation hybrid map and YAC/BAC physical map enable precise mapping of newly identified transcribed sequences and polymorphic markers that will aid in linkage and linkage disequilibrium studies and facilitate identification and cloning of candidate Type 2 diabetes susceptibility genes residing in 20q12-q13.1.

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