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Transplantation. 1999 Dec 15;68(11):1728-36.

Differential effects of injections of anti-mu and anti-delta monoclonal antibodies on B-cell populations in adult mice: regulation of xenoreactive natural antibody-producing cells.

Author information

1
Experimental Immunology Unit, School of Medicine, University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The depletion of differential B cell and xenoreactive natural antibodies (XNA) by anti-delta and anti-mu injections was analyzed in adult mice. Sequential treatment with anti-delta and then anti-mu induces a complete depletion of B cells and XNA and represents a potential approach to induce xenograft tolerance.

METHODS:

Adult mice were injected with anti-mu, anti-delta, anti-delta then anti-mu, or control isotype monoclonal antibodies from day 0 to day 14. The different B-cell populations were analyzed by FACS and immunohistology. Ig production was tested by ELISA. XNA were analyzed by FACS.

RESULTS:

Anti-mu injections induced a depletion of IgMhigh, immature B cells, marginal zone B cells, and B1 cells and an increase of IgG-XNA production. Anti-delta injections induced mature conventional IgDhigh B-cell depletion and increased IgM-XNA production. Interestingly, sequential injections of anti-delta then anti-mu induced a depletion of immature B cells, mature B cells (MZ, B2, and B1), and XNA.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results demonstrate that mature B-cell depletion in adult mice can be obtained by mAb injections and depends on the surface immunoglobulin cross-linking threshold. Indeed, anti-mu mAb depleted IgMhigh B cells (MZ and B1) and anti-delta, IgDhigh B cells (B2). The differential B-cell suppression shows that conventional B cells are responsible in the IgG-XNA production and MZ and B1 cells in the IgM-XNA production. Sequential repeated injections of anti-delta then anti-mu mAb depleted all B-cell populations and suppressed the whole XNA production.

PMID:
10609950
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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