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Biofactors. 1999;10(2-3):277-85.

Molecular and cellular mechanisms of transepithelial iodide transport in the thyroid.

Author information

1
Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Göteborg University, Sweden. mikael.olof.nilsson@anatcell.gu.se

Abstract

Thyroid hormone is an essential regulator of developmental growth and metabolism in vertebrates. Iodine is a necessary constituent of thyroid hormone. Due to the scarcity and uneven distribution of iodine on the Earth's crust, the structure of the thyroid gland is adjusted to collect and store this element in order to secure a continuous supply of thyroid hormone throughout life. Still, disease resulting from hypothyroidism due to iodine deficiency is a global health problem, illustrating the great biological significance that iodine saving mechanisms have evolved. Iodide is accumulated together with prohormone (thyroglobulin) in the lumen of the thyroid follicles. The rate-limiting step of this transport is the sodium/iodide symporter located in the basolateral plasma membrane of the thyroid follicular cells. Iodide is also transferred across the apical plasma membrane into the lumen where hormonogenesis takes place. In this review, recent progress in the understanding of transepithelial iodide transport in the thyroid is summarized.

PMID:
10609894
DOI:
10.1002/biof.5520100228
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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