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J Infect Dis. 2000 Jan;181(1):379-84.

Partial interferon-gamma receptor signaling chain deficiency in a patient with bacille Calmette-Guérin and Mycobacterium abscessus infection.

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Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U429, Paris, France.


Complete deficiency of either of the two human interferon (IFN)-gamma receptor components, the ligand-binding IFN-gammaR1 chain and the signaling IFN-gammaR2 chain, is invariably associated with early-onset infection caused by bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccines and/or environmental nontuberculous mycobacteria, poor granuloma formation, and a fatal outcome in childhood. Partial IFN-gammaR1 deficiency is associated with a milder histopathologic and clinical phenotype. Cells from a 20-year-old healthy person with a history of curable infections due to bacille Calmette-Guérin and Mycobacterium abscessus and mature granulomas in childhood were investigated. There was a homozygous nucleotide substitution in IFNGR2, causing an amino acid substitution in the extracellular region of the encoded receptor. Cell surface IFN-gammaR2 were detected by flow cytometry. Cellular responses to IFN-gamma were impaired but not abolished. Transfection with the wild-type IFNGR2 gene restored full responsiveness to IFN-gamma. This is the first demonstration of partial IFN-gammaR2 deficiency in humans.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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