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FEBS Lett. 1999 Dec 17;463(3):260-4.

Glucose degradation product methylglyoxal enhances the production of vascular endothelial growth factor in peritoneal cells: role in the functional and morphological alterations of peritoneal membranes in peritoneal dialysis.

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Molecular and Cellular Nephrology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara, Kanagawa, Japan.


Peritoneal membrane permeability deteriorates in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. We test whether glucose degradation products (GDPs) in PD fluids, glyoxal, methylglyoxal and 3-deoxyglucosone, stimulate the production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a factor known to enhance vascular permeability and angiogenesis. VEGF increased in cultured rat mesothelial and human endothelial cells exposed to methylglyoxal, but not to glyoxal or 3-deoxyglucosone. VEGF also increased in peritoneal tissue of rats given intraperitoneally methylglyoxal. VEGF and carboxymethyllysine (CML) (formed from GDPs) co-localized immunohistochemically in mesothelial layer and vascular walls of the peritoneal membrane of patients given chronic PD. By contrast, in the peritoneum of non-uremic subjects, VEGF was identified only in vascular walls, in the absence of CML. VEGF production induced by GDPs may play a role in the progressive deterioration of the peritoneal membrane.

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