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FEBS Lett. 1999 Dec 17;463(3):241-4.

Inhibition of yeast inositol phosphorylceramide synthase by aureobasidin A measured by a fluorometric assay.

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Department of Antimicrobial Research, DuPont Pharmaceuticals Company, Experimental Station, Bldg. E400, Wilmington, DE, USA.


Inositol phosphorylceramide synthase (IPC synthase) is an essential and unique enzyme in fungal sphingolipid biosynthesis and is the target of the cyclic nonadepsipeptide antibiotic aureobasidin A. As a first step towards understanding the mechanism of aureobasidin A inhibition, we developed a fluorometric HPLC assay for IPC synthase using the Saccharomyces cerevisiae enzyme and the fluorescent substrate analog 6-[N-(7-nitro-2,1, 3-benzoxadiazol-4-yl)amino]-hexanoyl ceramide (C(6)-NBD-cer). The kinetic parameters for C(6)-NBD-cer were comparable to those for the synthetic substrate N-acetylsphinganine used previously. Aureobasidin A acted as a tight-binding, non-competitive inhibitor with respect to C(6)-NBD-cer and had a K(i) of 0.55 nM.

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