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Am J Cardiol. 1999 Dec 15;84(12):1391-5.

Usefulness of intravenous enoxaparin for percutaneous coronary intervention in stable angina pectoris.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan 48073-6769, USA.

Abstract

This pilot study was designed to determine whether the low molecular weight heparin, enoxaparin, could be used for elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to provide antithrombotic effects without the full systemic anticoagulation that occurs with the use of unfractionated heparin. Sixty patients were randomized to receive intravenous enoxaparin (1 mg/kg bolus dose) or unfractionated heparin at the time of coronary intervention. Laboratory testing was performed at baseline, 5 minutes, and 4 hours after study drug to test if a single bolus dose of intravenous enoxaparin can consistently achieve therapeutic antithrombotic effect, thus eliminating the need for multiple doses of heparin and closely monitoring levels of anticoagulation during PCI. Thirty percent of patients who received unfractionated heparin required a second bolus of intravenous heparin to achieve the target-activated clotting time of 300 seconds before PCI. Enoxaparin showed antithrombotic properties comparable to that of unfractionated heparin as measured by anti-Xa levels, with less inhibition of thrombin (factor IIa) at the time points measured (p <0.0001). Angioplasty success rates, in-hospital ischemia, bleeding, and vascular complications were similar in both groups. Thus, intravenous enoxaparin has predictable and effective antithrombotic effects during elective PCI. Although the level of anticoagulation attained with enoxaparin is significantly lower than that after unfractionated heparin, no increase in ischemic complications were noted. The use of a single bolus of intravenous enoxaparin, without the need for measuring the activated clotting time or titrating heparin anticoagulation, has the potential for simplifying the performance and perhaps enhancing the safety of PCI.

PMID:
10606110
DOI:
10.1016/s0002-9149(99)00582-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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