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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2000 Jan;292(1):76-87.

Physiological antagonism between 5-hydroxytryptamine(2A) and group II metabotropic glutamate receptors in prefrontal cortex.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, Ribicoff Research Facilities of the Connecticut Mental Health Center, New Haven, CT 06508, USA. Gerard.Marek@yale.edu

Abstract

In prefrontal cortex, 5-hydroxytryptamine(2A) (5-HT(2A)) receptors have been linked to the action of hallucinogens and atypical antidepressant/antipsychotic drugs. Previously, we have shown in cortical layer V pyramidal cells that a nonselective metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor agonist suppresses the induction of excitatory postsynaptic potentials/currents (EPSPs/EPSCs) via activation of 5-HT(2A) receptors. In this study, we tested the ability of the selective mGlu2/3 agonist (1S,2S,5R, 6S)-2-aminobicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-2,6-dicarboxylate monohydrate (LY354740) and the selective mGlu2/3 antagonist 2S-2-amino-2-(1S, 2S-2-carboxycycloprop-1-yl)-3(xanthy-9-yl)propanoic acid (LY341495) to modulate serotonin(5-HT)-induced EPSPs and electrically evoked EPSPs by using intracellular recording from layer V pyramidal cells in medial prefrontal cortex. The mGlu2/3 antagonist LY341495 increased the frequency and amplitude of 5-HT-induced EPSCs, suggesting a role for mGlu2/3 receptors in mediating the action of endogenous glutamate on autoreceptors. Conversely, the mGlu2/3 agonist LY354740 was highly effective and potent (EC(50) = 89 nM) in suppressing glutamate release induced by 5-HT(2A) receptor activation in the medial prefrontal cortex, probably via a presynaptic mechanism. The mGlu2/3 antagonist LY341495 potently blocked the suppressant effect of LY354740 on 5-HT-induced EPSCs as well as electrically evoked early EPSPs. Autoradiography with the radioligands [(3)H]LY354740 and [(125)I](+/-)-1-(2, 5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane showsa striking overlap of the laminar distribution of mGlu2/3 and 5-HT(2A) receptors in the medial prefrontal cortex that is not apparent in other cortical regions. These findings suggest a close coupling between mGlu2/3 and 5-HT(2A) receptors in the prefrontal cortex that may be relevant for novel therapeutic approaches in the treatment of neuropsychiatric syndromes such as depression and schizophrenia.

PMID:
10604933
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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