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Eur J Pediatr. 1999 Dec;158 Suppl 2:S49-54.

Indications and outcome of liver transplantation in tyrosinaemia type 1.

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  • 1Liver Unit, Birmingham Children's Hospital NHS Trust, Steelhouse Lane, Birmingham, B4 6NH, UK.

Abstract

A retrospective analysis was performed on 17 patients presenting with tyrosinaemia type 1 (TT1) between 1989-1997; 7 pre 1992 prior to the introduction of 2-(2-nitro-4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl)-1, 3-cyclohexanedione (NTBC) therapy and 10 post 1992. During this time, eight children (5 males) underwent orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT); six prior to the introduction of NTBC in 1992 and two on NTBC therapy. The primary indications for OLT pre-1992 were risk of hepatocellular carcinoma with evidence of hepatic dysplasia in all, associated with liver failure in two, and rise in alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in four. Two of the ten treated with NTBC required OLT. The indications were non-response to NTBC in one child and development of hepatic dysplasia associated with poor quality of life in the second patient. Median age for OLT was 64 months (range 5-127 months) with a median weight of 24 kg (range 6-25 kg). The histology of hepatectomy specimens at transplantation showed: cirrhosis in 8, hepatic dysplasia in 6 and hepatocellular carcinoma in 1. Plasma tyrosine and AFP returned to normal in all cases. Urinary succinylacetone reduced but persisted in small amounts (median 7.7 micromol/mmol creatinine). Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy resolved in 3/3 patients. Hypoglycaemia, not responding to dietary therapy or NTBC treatment, resolved post-transplant in one patient. There were two deaths, one from primary non-function and one from chronic rejection. Late complications in survivors (n=6) include post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease of the iris in one child which resolved and renal dysfunction with a fall in glomerular filtration rate in three (50%). Median follow up post OLT is 6.7 years (range 1-7 years). Quality of life post-transplant in survivors is good with unrestricted diet in all.

CONCLUSION:

Liver transplantation is an effective treatment for TT1 with good quality of life. The current indications of OLT in TT1 are non-response to NTBC, risk of malignancy and poor quality of life related to dietary restriction and frequency of blood sampling.

PMID:
10603099
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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