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Histochem Cell Biol. 1999 Nov;112(5):335-9.

Epipodite and fat cells as sites of hemoglobin synthesis in the branchiopod crustacean Daphnia magna.

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Klinische und Experimentelle Pathologie, Forschungszentrum Borstel, Germany.


In contrast to the malacostracan crustaceans that use hemocyanin as the oxygen carrier, a number of branchiopod crustaceans, such as the water flea Daphnia magna, utilize hemoglobin (Hb) as the respiratory protein. By means of in situ hybridization (ISH) techniques with subsequent signal amplification using catalyzed reporter deposition, sites of Hb synthesis were localized in Daphnia magna. Based on a previously reported Hb-cDNA sequence, a specific ISH probe was designed and hybridized with the Hb-mRNA in histological sections of adult D. magna. The detection of Hb-mRNA was tissue specific and revealed that Hb is synthesized in fat cells, which play a role in fat and glycogen metabolism, and in epithelial cells of the epipodites, which are involved in osmoregulation. Sites of Hb synthesis have been identified in several invertebrate phyla, including Annelida and Nematoda. However, this is the first example in the class Crustacea, and only the second in the phylum Arthropoda.

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