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J Med Chem. 1999 Dec 16;42(25):5077-94.

Synthesis and SAR of adatanserin: novel adamantyl aryl- and heteroarylpiperazines with dual serotonin 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(2) activity as potential anxiolytic and antidepressant agents.

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Chemical Sciences and CNS Disorders, Wyeth-Ayerst Research, CN 8000, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-8000, USA.


Several novel functionalized adamantyl aryl- and heteroarylpiperazine derivatives were prepared and examined in various receptor binding and behavioral tests to determine their serotonin receptor activities. Many compounds demonstrated modest to high affinity for 5-HT(1A) receptors, with compounds 9, 13, 23, 33, 34, and 43 being the most potent at this site. Compound 1, 2-[4-(2-pyrimidinyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl adamantyl-1-carboxylate, demonstrated relatively high affinity for 5-HT(1A) receptors (K(i) = 8 nM) and acceptable selectivity versus D(2) receptors (K(i) = 708 mM); however, it lacked in vivo activity in serotonergic behavioral models. In contrast, compounds 9 (WY-50,324, SEB-324, adatanserin), adamantyl-1-carboxylic acid 2-[4-(2-pyrimidinyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethylamide, and 13, adamantyl-1-carboxylic acid 2-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethylamide, demonstrated high affinity for 5-HT(1A) binding sites (K(i) = 1 nM for both) and moderate affinity for 5-HT(2) receptors (K(i) = 73 and 75 nM, respectively). Both compounds also demonstrated partial 5-HT(1A) agonist activity in vivo in rat serotonin syndrome and 5-HT(2) antagonist activity in quipazine- and DOI-induced head shake paradigms. The selective 5-HT(1A) partial agonist and 5-HT(2) antagonist activity of 9 was accompanied by significant anxiolytic activity in an animal conflict model. On the basis of this profile, compound 9 entered development as a combined anxiolytic and antidepressant agent.

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