Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Oncogene. 1999 Nov 22;18(49):6948-58.

Persistent activation of NF-kappaB by the tax transforming protein of HTLV-1: hijacking cellular IkappaB kinases.

Author information

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, 500 University Drive, Hershey, Pennsylvania, PA 17033, USA.


Biochemical coupling of transcription factor NF-kappaB to antigen and co-stimulatory receptors is required for the temporal control of T-cell proliferation. In contrast to its transitory activation during normal growth-signal transduction, NF-kappaB is constitutively deployed in T-cells transformed by the type 1 human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV-1). This viral/host interaction is mediated by the HTLV-1-encoded Tax protein, which has potent oncogenic properties. As reviewed here, Tax activates NF-kappaB primarily via a pathway leading to the chronic phosphorylation and degradation of IkappaBalpha, a cytoplasmic inhibitor of NF-kappaB. To access this pathway, Tax associates stably with a cytokine-inducible IkappaB kinase (IKK), which contains both catalytic (IKKalpha and IKKbeta) and noncatalytic (IKKgamma) subunits. Unlike their transiently induced counterparts in cytokine-treated cells, Tax-associated forms of IKKalpha and IKKbeta are persistently activated in HTLV-1-infected T cells. Acquisition of the deregulated IKK phenotype is contingent on the presence of IKKgamma, which functions as a molecular adaptor in the assembly of pathologic Tax/IkappaB kinase complexes. These findings highlight a key mechanistic role for IKK in the Tax/NF-kappaB signaling axis and define new intracellular targets for the therapeutic control of HTLV-1-associated disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Support Center