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Eur J Immunol. 1999 Dec;29(12):4081-91.

Overexpression of CD82 on human T cells enhances LFA-1 / ICAM-1-mediated cell-cell adhesion: functional association between CD82 and LFA-1 in T cell activation.

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1
Department of Molecular Biotherapy Research Cancer Chemotherapy Center, Cancer, Institute, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

We previously demonstrated that CD82, expressed on both T cells and antigen-presenting cells (APC), plays an important role as a co-stimulatory molecule especially in the early phase of T cell activation. We also showed that the CD82 expression level is up-regulated on activated T cells and memory T cells. This up-regulation enhances both T cell-T cell and T cell-APC interactions. In this study, we further investigated the mechanism of CD82-mediated cell-cell adhesion. The enhanced adhesion between CD82-overexpressing Jurkat cells was completely blocked by anti-ICAM-1 / LFA-1 monoclonal antibodies. Increased interaction of LFA-1 with ICAM-1 was further confirmed by enhanced adhesion of CD82-overexpressing Jurkat cells to immobilized ICAM-1-Ig. CD82 co-immunoprecipitated with LFA-1 from Jurkat cells and CD82 and LFA-1 colocalized at an adhesion foci. These results suggest that the T cell stimulation via anti-CD3 cross-linking or phorbol myristate acetate treatment up-regulates CD82 expression, leading to the colocalization of CD82 and LFA-1, and results in enhanced interaction between LFA-1 and ICAM-1. In addition, a blocking experiment using monoclonal antibodies suggested that CD82 and LFA-1 molecules on APC are also important for the optimal activation of T cells. This is the first report that describes the enhancement of cell-cell interaction through LFA-1 and ICAM-1 by the overexpression of another cell surface molecule, CD82.

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